Bengaluru: Though the political parties mainly focused on Bihar Assembly polls during the election season but by-elections in the other 10 states also hold significance for both the ruling BJP and the opposition parties.

Counting of votes for by-elections to 30 Assembly seats spread across 10 states including Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat has begun.

The 10 states that went to bypolls include Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Haryana, Karnataka, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.

In Madhya Pradesh, the ruling BJP needs at least eight more MLAs for a simple majority in the state Assembly, while the Congress will be hoping to regain its turf as it had sitting MLAs in 27 seats out of 28 in the state where bypolls were held.

By-elections to four Assembly segments of Manipur were held on November 7 while the remaining 26 constituencies of nine states went to the bypolls on November 3.

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The bypolls in Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Telangana were held to fill one vacant Assembly seat each. The number of seats that were vacant in Gujarat are 8, Karnataka and Jharkhand, Odisha and Nagaland 2, Manipur 4 and Uttar Pradesh 7.

Manipur: The bypolls in Manipur were necessitated after four Congress MLAs resigned from the Assembly and joined the ruling BJP. The four Assembly constituencies that went to the bypolls in the northeastern state are Wangoi, Lilong, Wangjing Tentha and Saitu.

Karnataka: In Karnataka Assembly bypolls, stakes are high for 77-year-old Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa amid speculation that BJP high command is mulling leadership change due to several factors, including his age. Though the outcome will have no bearing on the BJP's government in the state, yet it would speak volumes about Yediyurappa's popularity. Read in detail here.

Uttar Pradesh: In Uttar Pradesh, seven seats are vacant, including the one held by expelled BJP leader Kuldeep Singh Sengar – Unnao. The seat fell vacant after Sengar was expelled from the Assembly after he was convicted in the Unnao rape case in December last year. The BJP has a comfortable majority in the UP Assembly.

Gujarat: In Gujarat, the by-elections were necessitated following the resignations of Congress MLAs in June ahead of the Rajya Sabha elections. The BJP is comfortably placed in Gujarat and there is no threat to its survival even if it loses all eight seats. But the saffron party is aiming to deliver a dominating performance and the results will be seen as a test of the electioneering capabilities of CR Patil, the new BJP chief in the state.