Bengaluru: While the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Madras, Tamil Nadu topped the HRD Ministry's national ranking of higher education institutes, the Bangalore's Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and Delhi's Miranda House has been adjudged as the best university and college respectively.

President Ram Nath Kovind announced the fourth edition of the Indian rankings based on the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2019 on Monday (April 8).

Of the top 10 institutes, seven are IITs. The Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) ranked seventh and 10th respectively.

Congratulating all participants, HRD minister Prakash Javadekar said that he was happy to see a steady increase in participation of colleges and universities in India Rankings year after year since its inception in 2016.

"Happy to note that institutions are taking India Rankings seriously and taking steps to improve their rankings. Colleges/Universities have even set up special committees to look into their performance and take measures to improve their rankings," Javadekar said.

In the university category, IISc Bangalore has been ranked one followed by JNU and BHU.

DU's Miranda House has topped the colleges ranking followed by Hindu College and Presidency College in Chennai. While the prestigious St Stephens college has been ranked at four, the Sri Ram College of Commerce placed at the seventh position.

Eight of the top 10 engineering institutions are IITs. IIT-Madras topped the ranking followed by Delhi and Mumbai. Anna University, Chennai, and National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli, have been ranked at nine and 10 in the category.

Among the management colleges, top six ranks have been retained by Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), led by Bengaluru. IIT-Delhi, Mumbai and Roorkee are among the top 10 in the category.

Jamia Hamdard has been announced as the top varsity for Pharmacy while All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and National Law School of India University, Bengaluru, have been adjudged as the best medical college and law school respectively.

Speaking on occasion, the President said that recent expansion of higher education in India had widened access and improved equity.

A total of 3,127 institutions participated in the ranking process under overall rankings, category-specific and domain-specific ranking. In all, 4,867 applications for rankings were made by the entire applicant institutions under various categories and domains.

The ranking framework instituted in 2016 evaluates institutions on five broad generic groups of parameters, including Teaching, Learning and Resources (TLR), Research and Professional Practice (RP), Graduation Outcomes (GO), Outreach and Inclusivity (OI) and Perception (PR).