New Delhi: Niti Aayog sponsored report, on Thursday (October 17) said that Karnataka topped the first-ever innovation ranking of states, followed by Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.

Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh, on the other hand, trailed on the list.

The report was released by Niti Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar and Chief Executive Officer Amitabh Kant in New Delhi.

The India Innovation Index 2019, developed on the lines of Global Innovation Index (GII), looks into the innovation ecosystem of Indian states and union territories to help policymakers design policies to drive innovation across regions.

The ranking was done in three categories (Major States, North East and Hill States, and Union Territories/City and Small States). 

Sikkim topped in the North-East category, while Delhi was at the top in the UT segment.

Telangana, Haryana, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh were among the other states that topped the innovation index.

The report, which has captured trends and done deep-drive analyses of various factors that drive innovation at the country, state and pillar levels, envisages helping policymakers and corporates identify some of the issues at a sustainable level in India.

The index has been grouped under two major heads, enablers (factors that will drive innovation in states and UTs, and performance) that will measure the actual outcomes in the innovation competitiveness of states.

In terms of attracting investment, the top position was again bagged by Karnataka among major states, followed by Maharashtra, Haryana, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Telangana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

Bihar, Jharkhand and Punjab were the least attractive states for investment.

Among North East and Hill States, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura were the top three states; while among the UTs, Lakshadweep, Delhi and Goa were the top three regions.

"For a country as large as India, the state of innovation needs to be understood at the regional level for effective policy formulation. A policy just at the national level is not enough. Each state needs to formulate its policy, based on its unique resources and strengths and which caters to the specific needs," the report said.