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Cricket bat industry in Kashmir stares into oblivion amid growing willow cleft shortage

The cricket bat industry in Kashmir has grown in the last few years. However, the sector could decline due to the need for more clefts for producing quality bats.

Cricket bat industry in Kashmir stares into oblivion amid growing willow cleft shortage-ayh
First Published Jan 20, 2023, 12:47 PM IST

The 102-year-old cricket bat industry in Kashmir has upped its standards over the years to compete with manufacturers that work with the fabled English willow. But, ba-makers fear a shortage of clefts might force the closure of the ₹300-crore enterprise that provides livelihood to over 1,00,000 people.

"We have been manufacturing cricket bats for the past 102 years. The quality of our bats is good and approved by the International Cricket Council [ICC]. So, quality-wise, we are not lacking. We are at par with [manufacturers that use] English willow, if not better," Fawzul Kabir, spokesperson for Cricket Bats Manufacturing Association of Kashmir.

"This was evident from the fact that the longest six in the recent ICC Men's T20 World Cup in Australia was hit using a Kashmir willow bat," Kabir told PTI. The United Arab Emirates' (UAE's) Junaid Siddique hit the 2022 ICC Men's T20 World Cup's longest six against Sri Lanka using a bat manufactured by Anantnag-based GR8 Sports.


However, the 400-odd bat manufacturing units are staring at an uncertain future as they fear a shortage of willow clefts might force their factories to close within five years. "Willow produce is dwindling fast, and we fear it might become extinct within the next five years. We have been requesting the government to go for a willow plantation drive to ensure a sustainable supply," Kabir said, pointing to the afforestation drives in Canada and Pakistan to underline his point.

Kabir said more than one lakh people, from Jammu and Kashmir but from Jalandhar in Punjab and Meerut in Uttar Pradesh, relied on the industry for their livelihoods. "In a scenario where an industry is on the verge of collapse, the government needs to work on a war footing," he said.

Kabir said that while the Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology provided 1,500 willow saplings last year for replacement, each unit needs a supply of around 15,000 clefts a year. "As cricket is growing fast, the demand for bats will also increase. We had a dozen countries playing cricket two decades ago. Today, that number has gone up to around 160. Ten years ago, 2.5 lakh to 3 lakh bats were manufactured in Kashmir. These days, 30 lakh bats are made every year," he said, adding that the industry's annual turnover was over ₹300 crore.

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Kabir suggested that the government consider allowing sapling plantations in the wetlands and on the riverbanks where willow trees used to be grown earlier. "If willow trees are planted in these places again, the bat industry can survive," he said. GR8 Sports Production Manager Mohammad Niyaz said the government had taken steps for the plantation of willow saplings, but it needed to be at the scale required to support the industry.

"More and more cricket leagues are coming up around the world, and the demand for bats is only going to increase. While the industry can employ artisans, finished bats can keep youngsters involved in sports and away from evils such as drug abuse," he added. An Industries and Commerce department official said that while there was no shortage of willow in Kashmir, the units' main issue was a need for modern seasoning technology and smuggling of clefts to factories outside Kashmir.

"In Kashmir, seasoning of clefts is still done traditionally, and it can take anywhere between six months to a year. It blocks the precious capital of the unit holder and puts strain on his financial situation. In some cases, this led to the closure of a unit," the official, who is not authorised to speak to the media, said on the condition of anonymity.


The official said a proposal to set up a seasoning plant was approved a few years ago but was shelved due to the outbreak of COVID-19. "A new proposal to set up an electric or solar plant that will reduce the seasoning time to just 15 days is under consideration of senior officials," he added.

The official said steps had to be taken to curb cleft smuggling from the Valley to factories in other parts of the country, mainly in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. He said land measuring 20 hectares had been earmarked for growing willow trees that scientists at Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology have developed.

(With inputs from PTI)

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