You can open a savings accounts in scores of banks today, many of these banks, mostly private and nationalized ones, offer various types of saving accounts to suit different individual needs. As banks package these accounts with attractive offerings and services, Naveen Kukreja, CEO, Paisabazaar.com discusses some key factors you should keep in mind when looking to open a savings account.
The first factor that comes to mind when choosing a savings account is the interest rate. With the deregulation of interest rate regime by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in 2011, banks can now set interest rates upon their discretion. At present, Yes Bank offers 7 % per annum (p.a.) for balances exceeding Rs 3 lakhs and 6% p.a. interest for balances below Rs 3 lakhs. Kotak Mahindra Bank offers 6% p.a. interest for balances over Rs 1 lakh whereas depositors can earn 5% p.a. interest on balances below Rs 1 lakh. Note that under the section 80 TTA of the IT Act,you can avail tax deduction of up to Rs 10,000 in interest earned from all bank accounts.
Minimum Balance Criteria
Before opening a savings account, check out the minimum balance required as the penalty associated in case of non-maintenance. This can be as high as Rs 450 per month. Although banks do offer Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account (BSBDA) with no minimum balance requirements, these accounts provide very basic banking services and have restrictions on the number and amount of withdrawals, deposits, transfers and ATM transactions. While SBI has waived off the minimum balance requirements, private banks such as ICICI Bank and Axis Bank require you to maintain a monthly average balance of Rs 10,000 in their regular savings accounts in metro and urban locations.
Debit Card Offers
Most banks provide free insurance and purchase protection on their debit cards. Some debit cards provide discounts, zero surcharge at petrol pumps, EMI facility,airport lounge access, reward points and cashback offers. If used wisely, debit cards can in fact bring down your transaction costs. Therefore, when choosing a savings account, compare the deals available with the debit card offered.
ATM and branch density
Check the number of ATM centers available to you in your vicinity and in the places or cities frequented by you. As RBI has limited the number of free ATM transactions in other banks’ ATMs to three per month in metro locations, non-availability of your bank ATMs can increase your cash transaction costs.
Quality of service
As most of the services offered at a bank’s branch are now available on the bank’s site and mobile app, you may not have to visit your bank’s premises too often. However, for services such as cash and locker transactions you may still have to visit bank branches. Therefore, carefully consider the quality and promptness of services offered by the bank before opening an account with it. In this aspect, often private banks surpass public sector banks.
Before opening a savings bank account,compare the transaction and service charges levied by banks on services such as outstation cheque collection, cheque return charges, annual charges for debit cards and charges for issuing duplicate pass books, statements and cheque books. Usually, public sector banks have lower transaction and service charges. For instance, they may charge you Rs 50–Rs100 for cheque returns whereas private banks may charge you anywhere from Rs 400 to Rs 500.
This facility brings together the liquidity of a savings account and high returns of term deposits. Under this facility, if your savings bank account crosses a threshold limit, the amount beyond that limit is automatically converted into a fixed deposit, earning higher interests for you. And when you fail to meet the minimum balance requirement, the amount parked with the fixed deposit is automatically transferred to your savings account.
Thus, clearly, financial discipline and proper research can increase the ease with which you conduct your financial transactions and most importantly could sharply bring down the cost of your financial transactions.
Naveen Kukreja is the CEO of Paisabazaar.com, the views expressed here are his own
Last Updated 31, Mar 2018, 6:41 PM IST