Patriots, can you tell me who did Tagore write the national anthem for?
- The Indian national anthem was written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore on December 11, 1911.
- Jana Gana Mana was first sung at the 27th session of the Indian National Congress on December 27 in the same year.
This entire episode regarding the Indian national anthem and the Supreme Court’s order on November 30 have raised a lot of eyebrows. The order said that each and every movie theatre across the nation mandatorily will have to play the Indian national anthem before the start of every movie.
A number of people were even arrested from the International Film Festival in Kerala (IFFK) in Thiruvananthapuram for not standing up while the Indian national anthem was being played before the start of a screening. Eight youths in Chennai were also beaten up for not standing up in a theatre.
In order to dig deep, let us just take a walk down the memory lane. A couple of questions that these vigilantes, who have decided to take laws in their own hands and instil fear in the minds of the public, might be interested in - Was the national anthem Jana Gana Mana written in praise of the Englishmen? Or it had nothing to do with the Englishmen and had just to do with India?
Every alternative has different connotations if we try to decode these questions. The basic underlying message of ‘Jana Gana Mana,’ which is the Indian national anthem, has been pluralism and it has not changed over the last 66 years ever since it was adopted by the Indian constitution on January 24, 1950.
Controversy never left the back of India’s national anthem. It was first written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore on December 11, 1911 and was first sung at the 27th session of the Indian National Congress on December 27 in the same year.
The shadow grew darker as a section of the Anglo-Indian English Press in Calcutta reported without any knowledge that Tagore wrote the song for King Geroge V, who was supposed to arrive in the city on December 30, 1911.
It was purely coincidental that King George V arrived in Calcutta for the Coronation Durbar and the two terms in the Indian national anthem “Bharata Bhagya Vidhata” and “Adhinayaka” was believed to be in praise of the British Emperor.
If these facts are considered to be true, then one might not have questions regarding the Indian national anthem. But if someone still questions “Jana Gana Mana” on the basis of the controversy that has remained above the national anthem like a dark cloud, they still can. But these vigilantes have no right whatsoever to take the laws in their hands.
Let us all just feel lucky to be born in this nation!