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Key trends shaping the future of India’s security and surveillance sector

Currently, India’s surveillance systems market is estimated to be a $2.5 billion industry. It largely comprises video surveillance and is expected to grow at 25-30% annually. Harsh Gupta, Co-Founder of MOSFET Technologies and Hi Mamma, share 10 top trends in the safety and security surveillance sector in India

Key trends shaping the future of India's security and surveillance sectorRBA
First Published Nov 15, 2023, 3:33 PM IST

The world of safety and security surveillance in India is amid some exciting changes. With the growing economy of India and new and existing sectors vying for growth and global expansion, the country’s security needs are also witnessing growth. There is a wave of innovation in surveillance fueled by cutting-edge technology, greater awareness among the public, and public-private partnerships.

Currently, India’s surveillance systems market is estimated to be a $2.5 billion industry. It largely comprises video surveillance and is expected to grow at 25-30% annually.

With India's continued urbanisation and technological progress, surveillance is set to play an even more prominent role in security. Here are 10 key trends that will continue to change the security landscape in India - 

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1. Wearable Security - Wearable security devices, such as body cameras and smart ID badges, are becoming instrumental in enhancing security measures. Law enforcement agencies, security personnel, and even some businesses are adopting body cameras to record incidents and improve accountability. Smart ID badges with GPS and real-time alert systems help ensure the safety of personnel in high-risk environments. These wearable devices provide an additional layer of security and evidence collection, especially in crowd management, law enforcement, and critical infrastructure protection.

2. Increased Adoption of AI and Machine Learning - In India's safety and security surveillance sector, the increased adoption of AI and machine learning is revolutionising how threats are managed. These technologies are seamlessly integrated into surveillance systems, bolstering their capabilities. AI-driven analytics provide real-time monitoring, allowing for the immediate identification of unusual activities or potential security breaches. Facial recognition systems are becoming more accurate, aiding in identifying individuals in crowds swiftly. Moreover, machine learning algorithms enable precise object detection, making it easier to spot suspicious items. These advancements empower security personnel and law enforcement agencies with rapid response capabilities, ultimately strengthening the security infrastructure.

3. Cloud-Based Solutions - The shift towards cloud-based surveillance systems is a game-changer in the safety sector. These systems offer unparalleled scalability, enabling businesses to expand their surveillance infrastructure seamlessly as their needs grow. Moreover, cloud-based solutions provide remote access, allowing users to monitor their premises or assets from anywhere with an internet connection, enhancing real-time response capabilities. Additionally, they are cost-efficient, eliminating the need for heavy upfront investments in physical infrastructure and reducing maintenance costs.

4. Biometric Access Control - Biometric technology reshapes access control, ensuring only authorised individuals enter secure areas. In contrast to traditional methods like keys and ID cards, biometrics offer higher security and efficiency. Biometric systems, ranging from fingerprint and palm print recognition to facial and iris recognition, are now taking center stage. They provide rapid verification within seconds, enhancing security by reducing the risk of counterfeiting. Furthermore, post-pandemic, the contactless nature of biometric access controls like iris, palm print, or facial recognition is gaining preference, promoting a more hygienic approach to access management.

5. Video Analytics for Enhanced Insights - Video analytics tools are revolutionising surveillance in India. Facial recognition technology is finding applications in public areas, bolstering security and enabling efficient law enforcement and access control. Meanwhile, mobile apps for remote surveillance have become increasingly popular, putting the power of monitoring and camera control in users' smartphones. Moreover, the adoption of high-definition and 4K cameras sets new standards for image quality, delivers clearer and more detailed surveillance footage, and enhances security and analytical capabilities.

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6. Integration of IoT Devices - IoT devices, including smart cameras and sensors, are rapidly gaining prominence in the security and surveillance sector in India. This trend is driven by their ability to facilitate real-time data collection and analysis, significantly enhancing security measures. IoT along with cloud computing, has emerged as a pivotal trend, optimising operational data management and streamlining data transmission over the Internet. The integration of IoT with video surveillance systems has ushered in a new era of security, ensuring that organisations receive crucial information essential for both their operational efficiency and security requirements.

7. Surveillance as a Service (SaaS) - Surveillance as a Service (SaaS) is a rising trend, particularly in India, where businesses and government entities are increasingly adopting this model. SaaS offers a cost-effective and hassle-free approach to access advanced surveillance solutions. Instead of bearing substantial upfront costs and ongoing maintenance expenses, organisations can subscribe to cloud-based surveillance services. This not only eases financial burdens but also ensures that they have access to the latest security technologies, software updates, and remote monitoring capabilities. SaaS models are transforming the way security is managed, making it more accessible and scalable, particularly for smaller businesses and cities with budget constraints.

8. Cybersecurity in Surveillance - Cybersecurity has taken center stage as a critical element in safeguarding sensitive data and handling cyber threats. The introduction of data protection regulations, such as GDPR, mandates strict compliance to preserve data integrity. These regulations ensure that security and safety measures are governed and upheld through cybersecurity laws and guidelines. In the modern landscape, unceasing efforts to enhance and advance cybersecurity are vital for maintaining the integrity and effectiveness of surveillance networks, thus reinforcing public and private safety.

9. Smart City Initiatives - The Indian government's ambitious Smart City initiatives are transforming urban landscapes. These initiatives encompass the deployment of advanced surveillance technology as a cornerstone of better urban planning, traffic management, and enhanced public safety. Cutting-edge surveillance systems are being integrated with urban infrastructure to monitor traffic flow, manage emergencies, and ensure the well-being of citizens.

10.        Solar-Powered Surveillance - India's adoption of solar-powered surveillance systems is rising, especially in remote areas with unreliable power sources. These systems offer eco-friendly and cost-effective solutions, reducing dependence on traditional power grids. With a growing focus on green manufacturing and low-carbon initiatives, solar-powered surveillance aligns with India's environmental goals as well.

India's safety and security surveillance sector is transforming thanks to technology upgrades, new regulations, and a growing emphasis on data privacy and security. It is all about embracing new technology, adapting to our changing cities, and catering to evolving safety demands.

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