Unknown facts about Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose on his 125th birthday
Today is 125th birth anniversary year of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Born in a family of 14 children in Cuttack (presently in Odisha) in erstwhile Bengal Province, British India, Netaji grew up to become a noted freedom fighter of international distinction. Below are seven unknown facts about him.
Netaji had to resign in order to express his views against the open criticism of the foreign and domestic policy of the Congress and to clash ideologically with Mahatma Gandhi. He felt that Gandhiji's policy of non-violence was not enough to bring about India's independence. This is why he was in favor of armed rebellion. Subhash Chandra formed a political party called Forward Bloc in his own name to demand complete and immediate independence of India from British rule. The British authorities imprisoned him eleven times. His famous saying "You give me blood, I will give you freedom." He is Subhash Chandra Bose. The whole country is full of emotions surrounding Netaji's 125th birthday.
Education: Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa to Bengali lawyer Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. He studied in an English school in Cuttack till the sixth standard. Presently, the name of this school is Stuart School. He was later admitted to Ravens Collegiate School in Cuttack. In 1911, he won first place in the matriculation examination from Calcutta. In 1918, he passed the BA examination with honors in philosophy from the Scottish Church College affiliated to Calcutta University. From his student days, he was known for his patriotic personality. He then began his higher education at the Physiolium Hall of Cambridge University.
Career: Netaji got the appointment letter after getting good marks in the civil service examination. But as a result of the revolution-conscious attitude, he rejected the appointment. After returning to the country, Subhash Chandra started writing for a newspaper called 'Swaraj' and was appointed to promote the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. His political mentor was Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, a proponent of extremist nationalism in Bengal. When Deshbandhu was elected mayor of the Calcutta Municipality in 1924, Subhash Chandra was working under him.
Netaji was imprisoned along with other nationalists in 925 AD. Swami Vivekananda's ideology also inspired him. Subhash Chandra Bose was arrested a total of 11 times in 20 years. He was kept in different places in India and Rangoon. He was deported to Europe in 1930. In 1939 he was elected President of the Congress for the second time in the Tripura session.
Gandhi's followers were obstructing Netaji’s work. Govinda Vallabh Panth put forward a proposal at this time that "the executive council should be reconstituted.” Even though Subhash Chandra Bose won the election, he was asked to submit his resignation letter as a result of Gandhi's opposition, otherwise all the members of the executive committee would resign. For this reason, he himself resigned from the Congress and formed the All India Forward Bloc. In 1938 he proposed the National Planning Council.
Subhas Chandra Bose was deported to Europe in 1930. After the death of his father, the British government allowed him to come to Calcutta for a short time only for the purpose of performing religious rites. In 1939 he was elected President of the Congress for the second time in the Tripura session. However, Gandhi's followers proposed that "the executive council be reconstituted." Thus, even though Subhash Chandra Bose won the election, as a result of Gandhi's opposition, he was asked to submit his resignation letter, or all the members of the executive committee would resign. For this reason, he himself resigned from the Congress and formed the All India Forward Bloc.
The episode of Netaji's disappearance
Subhash Chandra Bose was not happy about the country taking part in the Second World War. He was under house arrest at the time. He realized that the British would not let him go before the war. So, with two cases left, he decided to flee to Germany via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union. From there Subhash Chandra went to Moscow. He reached Germany from Moscow via Rome. He set up the Free India Center in Berlin. He sought the help of German Chancellor Adolf Hitler for India's independence. But Hitler's indifference to India's independence shattered his morale. As a result, Subhash Bose left Germany in 1943. Believers in dictatorships like Hitler-Tojo in the heroism of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose also extended their hand of alliance towards him. Leaders like Arvind Ghosh, Surya Sen, Bhagat Singh of India, and Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam ‘Poets like Ra were inspired by his ideals. He became Netaji instead of Subhash to all Indians.
Meanwhile, nationalist leader Rash Behari Bose formed the Indian National Army. In 1943, Rasbihari Bose handed over the charge of this army to Subhash Chandra Bose. A separate women's force, the Rani Lakshmibai Combat, had about 85,000 troops. Netaji hoped that a large number of troops would join the INA, frustrated by the news of the INA's attack on the British. But this did not happen. At the same time, the supply of money from Japan decreased. Eventually, the INA surrendered with the surrender of Japan. In 1934, Netaji fell seriously ill while being held in the Mandalay prison in present-day Myanmar.
Netaji's death remains one of the biggest Indian mysteries. He is said to have died in a Japanese plane crash in Taipei on August 18, 1945. This was confirmed by the Central government in response to an RTI (Right to Information) query in 2017. Various groups have, however, refuted the claim. Since his disappearance, many conspiracy theories have surfaced. So even today in everyone's mind he is forever memorable, forever immortal. Because Netaji's death remains an unknown mystery even today.