Nagarjunakonda in Andhra Pradesh is a hallowed Buddhist site. It has a unique geographical setting caused due to the construction of largest masonry dam known as the Nagarjuna Sagar dam.
The construction of the reservoir resulted in salvaging cultural wealth of the valley. The Buddhist establishments transplanted to the Nagarjunakonda hill and to Anupu belongs to various sects of Buddhism and evidently received patronage from within and outside India during 2nd-3rd centuries A.D.
Buddhist Monastery (Tabo), Tabo, Lahaul & Spiti, Himachal Pradesh: A large number of frescoes displayed on its walls depict tales from the Buddhist pantheon. There are many priceless collections of thankas (scroll paintings), manuscripts, well-preserved statues, frescos and extensive murals which cover almost every wall.
This is the oldest and continuously functioning Buddhist Monastery in the Himalayan region. The history of this Tabo Monastery goes back to 10th century A.D.
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi: It is the first distinct example of proper Mughal style, which was inspired by Persian architecture. The tomb was constructed at a cost of 15 lakh rupees (1.5 million). Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian, was the architect employed by Haji Begam for this tomb.
The Humayun tomb proper stands in the centre of a square garden, divided into four main parts by causeways (charbagh), in the centre of which ran shallow water-channels. The high rubble built enclosure is entered through two lofty double-storeyed gateways on the west and south. A baradari (pavillion) occupies the centre of the eastern wall and a hammam (bath chamber) in the centre of northern wall.
Rani-ki-Vav, on the banks of the Saraswati River in Gujarat was initially built as a memorial to a king in the 11th century AD. Rani-ki-Vav in Patan is built in the form of a stepwell and the Maru-Gurjara architectural style. (pic credit: Jagadip Singh)
Designed as an inverted temple highlighting the sanctity of water, it is divided into seven levels of stairs with sculptural panels of high artistic quality; more than 500 principle sculptures and over a thousand minor ones combine religious, mythological and secular imagery, often referencing literary works.
Kudakallu Parambu, Cheramanagad, Kerala: A burial site where many types of megaliths are noticed. Cheramanganadu is a megalithic burial site, there are as many as 69 megalithic monuments grouped in a small area. The main type of burials in this area includes Topikkal, Kudakkal , multiple hood stones and stone circles.
Excavation conducted in Kerala in 2001-02 unearthed some funerary findings include urns in red ware, bowls of Russet Coated ware, vase and bowls of black and red ware, one copper bowl, iron implements and few bone pieces.
Gwalior Fort, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh: This fort is a unique example of the amalgamation of temple architecture, rock cut colossal Jain sculptures on its cliff side, epigraphical records and development of fort architecture.
The Gwalior fort is also known for its numerous water structures which include tanks baolis, wells and cisterns which also provided unfailing supply of water throughout the year. Pictured above is the Saas-Bahu Temple within the fort.
Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh: It was constructed by the third Mughal emperor Akbar on the remains of an ancient site known as Badalgarh. It is situated on the west bank of the Jamuna River, about 2km upstream from the Taj Mahal .
Akbar built the fort of sandstone; his grandson Shah Jahan, the builder of the Taj Mahal, constructed palaces of white marble within the Agra Fort itself. Shah Jahan was imprisoned in the Agra Fort following the coup of his son, Aurangzeb, and died here in 1657.
Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu: The Great Living Chola Temples were built by kings of the Chola Empire, which stretched over all of south India and the neighbouring islands. The site includes three great 11th- and 12th-century Temples: the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, the Brihadisvara Temple at Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram. Pictured above is the Brihadisvara Temple.
These three temple complexes therefore form a unique group, demonstrating a progressive development of high Chola architecture and art at its best and at the same time encapsulating a very distinctive period of Chola history and Tamil culture. This here is the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram
Gol Gumbaz is aptly known for its amazing dimensions and unique acoustic features designed in typical Adil Shahi architecture by the famous architect of that time, Yaqut of Dabul.
The Gol Gumbaz is situated in Bijapur district of Karnataka and is the second largest dome in the world. The Gol Gumbaz is second in size only to St. Peter's Basilica, Rome.
Church of Bom Jesus, Goa which contains the tomb of St Francis Xavier – illustrate the evangelisation of Asia. These monuments were influential in spreading forms of Manueline, Mannerist and Baroque art in all the countries of Asia where missions were established.
The Bom Jesus Basilica is a World Heritage Monument, and has been christened so by UNESCO. A chapel in the basilica has carved and gilded columns and wood-carved floral decorations. This is where the relics of the saint are kept.